The training organized by the Training Center of the ILO (ITC-ILO) together with the ILO Office for Turkey and the Ministry of Labour and Social Security in April brought together representatives from MoLSS (from the Employment Agency, DG International Labour Force, Social Security Institution, the Centre for Labour and Social Security Training and Research, Vocational Qualifications Authority), the Ministry of Development, the Directorate General for Migration Management, workers and employers’ organizations as well as the Confederation of Turkish Tradesmen and Craftsmen and the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey.
To start the training, ILO partners had the chance to test their knowledge on global, regional and national labour migration trends. After demonstrating a profound knowledge, participants discussed what should form the basis of a fair and effective labour migration governance system. Most participants raised that the involvement of a wide range of partners, who share the responsibility to ensure the integration of migrants and refugees into the labour market was indispensable.
One part of the training was dedicated to refugees’ integration into the labour market. Participants learned how the ILO is supporting policies at the global level to support the labour market integration of refugees. Attention was drawn to numerous instruments, including the ILO Guiding principles on the access of refugees and other forcibly displaced persons to the labour market.
To successfully address challenges they encounter, the trainers drew participants’ attention to three main elements that can support fair and effective labour migration governance: ILO standards, the SDGs and social dialogue.
The trainers explained how to adopt a rights-based approach to labour migration by referring to the ILO fundamental conventions as well as the two migrant specific conventions, which can guide the adoption and development of a normative framework at the national level. Subsequently, they highlighted how the SDGs can support the development of labour migration policies and, vice versa, how a fair and effective governance system contributes to the achievements of the SDGs. Finally, it was emphasized that social dialogue was crucial to the development of such a governance system.
At the end, participants had the opportunity to discuss the implementation of a labour migration policy adopting the point of view of either the workers’ or employers’ group or civil society or the government. As such, participants from the workers’ organizations enjoyed to be put in the shoes of the employers and to negotiate from a different standpoint.